What causes cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer ranks as the 1st most frequent cancer among women in Tanzania and the 1st most frequent cancer among women between 15 and 44 years of age. Current estimates indicate that every year 9772 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 6695 die from the disease.
Cervical cancer is caused by the HPV Virus. The virus, after intruding in the cervix and creates abnormal cells. If and when these abnormal cells develop into cancerous cell and multiply, it is considered cervical cancer.
What is the Human Papillomavirus?
The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the number 1 most common Sexually Transmitted Disease which is contracted by at least 80% of the population. The virus lives on the skin and so also around the genitals. Through skin on skin contact, the virus can be transmitted. Which is why every woman who is sexually active is at risk to become a carrier. Most people will never experience any effects of HPV.
Not every infection will lead to cervical cancer. There are at least 100 different types of HPV known, which can be grouped in low- and high risk. Only high risk HPV types can develop into cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer treatment and HPV
It only takes 2 injections to be protected for many years against most HPV-viruses.
There is no cure for HPV which is why these HPV caused irregularities need to be ascertained and treated as quickly as possible.